CORNWALL ONLINE PARISH CLERKS - helping bring the past alive

The parish of


The Parish Church
© David Coppin

History of Cornwall tells us that the parish of Tywardreath is situated in the deanery and hundred of Powder. The boundaries of the parish are set in the north by those of Luxulyan and Lanlivery, in the east by St Sampson and Fowey, in the south by the sea in St Austell Bay [Tywardreath Bay as it was once called] and in the west by St Blazey. The descriptions provided by the Superintendent Registrar for the District of St Austell at each census as a guide for enumerators is of great assistance in establishing the boundaries of the civil parish.

The Manor of Tiwardrai is identified in the Domesday Book with 34 households and 170 people but the area was inhabited long before that. There have been Bronze Age finds in the parish and the Iron Age fort at Castle Dore was established in 200 BC. In 1801 the parish contained a population of 727 and in the tythe survey of 1840 it was of 3252 acres by measurement.

The pretty village of Tywardreath lies on the Pilgrim’s Way and was traversed by many a cowled figure on his way to take ship at Fowey for the holy shrines at Santiago de Compostella, Rome and the Holy Land.

The parish church is dedicated to St Andrew and was consecrated by David Mageraghty, Archbishop of Armagh on July 30th 1347. The tower was added in 1480. Until the dire deeds of King Henry VIII, situated on the southern edge of the village and next to the churchyard was the Benedictine priory of St Andrew founded by the Cardinham family. It was subservient to the abbey of St Sergius and St Bacchus at Angers in Normandy. It was mentioned in official records as early as July 27 th 1261, and controlled land and estates throughout Cornwall for centuries.

Until 1849, the ecclesiastical parish included the villages of Tywardreath, Par and Polkerris and also the hamlets of Tywardreath Highway, Polmear, Middleway Bridge, Kilhallon, Lanescott and Chapel Down. In that year the parish of Par was formed, with its parish church situated at St Blazey Gate just to confuse things. The civil parish right up to and including the 1901 census contained the pre 1849 ecclesiastical parish though the civil registration district for births, marriages and deaths and formed in 1837, doesn’t include Polkerris which is in Fowey.

The considerable growth in population of the parish in the 1800s was as a result of the expansion in mining in the area. Employment rose rapidly at the Fowey Consols Copper Mine, formed by Joseph Austin Treffry in 1822. These mines included many of the old mines in the immediate area and later including the smaller Lanescot Copper Mine. In his History of Copper Mining in Cornwall & Devon, D B Barton tells us that the combined output of the two mines between 1822 and 1867 output was 382,915 tons, second only in the county to Gwennap. The large population increase seen in the Census for 1841 through 1861 reached 3379 at its zenith. Equally, the failure of the mines in 1867 resulted in a rapid decline and the mass migration to both other mines up country and, of course, abroad.

Today there is little sign of the old mines and the land quickly reverted to the beautiful pastoral scene it is today. Farms are relatively small as they always have been and are mainly concerned in the dairy industry.

Cornwall Online Parish Clerks

The Online Parish Clerk for Tywardreath is Clare Williams, who can be contacted by Email.

For information about (and contact details for) the current parish council, please see this website.
Contact details for the church can be found by searching here.



Information can be found at COCP (Cornwall Online Census Project) which is complete for 1841 to 1891 and has been verified, FreeCen at Rootsweb, which has a very good search engine and information from COCP, as well as GenUKI, which has more reference information and alternative resources.


See our online searchable database (C-PROP) which is updated frequently and GenUKI. The C-PROP parish coverage page is here.


For information, see the University of Leicester's Historical Directories website.


To view a Bastardy Bond, dated 21 Feb 1776 and naming Richard Rosevear of this parish, click here.

Settlement Papers:

  17 Jul 1764, Temperance MANNEAR Jan-Feb 1840, Jacob LORD (& St Cleer)
  14 Oct 1778, John LAY & family (& Luxulyan)  

Voters Lists:

  1. 1851/52
  2. 1852/53
  3. 1856/57


  30 Nov 1613, William LUDLAM, proved 1621 24 Jan 1710, Margery/Marjery SEARLE
  22 Nov 1614, John LUDLAM 10 Feb 1726, Richard ROSEVEARE
  12 Sep 1615, Richard HELMAN/HELLMAN 5 Feb 1744, Thomas BERSEY of H.M.S. Preston
  21 Feb 1619, John COCKE 29 Apr 1745, Samuel DADDOW
  5 Jun 1620?, John COLLOMB 17 Dec 1746, Samuel ROWSE
  2 Mar 1623, John RASHLEIGH 24 Mar 1747, Richard STUCKEY
  3 Oct 1632, William COUCHE 5 Feb 1748, Elizabeth BOWDEN
  25 Jan 1644, William COLLOMB 4 Apr 1748, Joseph GROSE
  16 Jan 1650, William BAKER, the younger, proved 1657 14 Apr 1749, John COUCH
  30 Jan 1650, William FERRIS 10 Sep 1749, Joshua DADDOW
21 Apr 1652, Peter Tom, possibly of Tywardreath 4 Jan 1754, Robert PRYNN
  28 Nov 1653, Rose COLQUIT 11 Sep 1755, George FOX
   9 Feb 1656, John ROBBINS 17 Jun 1766, Anna FOX, proved 1780
26 Jun 1656, Emme TOM otherwise PENHALE, nuncupative 29 Dec 1770, Simon FORS
  29 Sep 1656, William MARTIN, nuncupative 24 Oct 1789, Martha RASHLEIGH, proved 1802
  22 Dec 1656, Joane COLLOMBE 5 Mar 1803, Philip RASHLEIGH, proved 1811
  15 Jan 1658, Emblyn MARTYN, nuncupative 15 Jun 1804, John HAWKINS
  27 Mar 1658, Temperance SAWLE 1 Oct 1813, Robert HAWKEY
  3 Dec 1666, Joane RASHLEIGH 12 Jul 1844, Richard HAWKEY
  20 Nov 1667, Nicholas SAWLE 28 Nov 1845, Robert HAWKEY
  11 Mar 1669, Richard SAWLE 16 Mar 1849, Stephen RUNDELL, administration only
  24 Sep 1700, Jonathan RASHLEIGH 23 Aug 1851, James COCK
  28 Dec 1701, William CULLUMB/CULLOMB 28 Dec 1854, William RASHLEIGH
  8 Apr 1702, Ambrose BAWDEN  

Documents mentioning several parishes, including Tywardreath, can be found here.

For further information regarding history, population, etc., visit GenUKI.


For a zoomable and printable map of Cornwall please visit Cornwall Council’s mapping website. To see the Parish boundaries, click on the Layers Tab for Government Boundaries.

For maps and satellite images use Google Maps.

To enjoy a "walk" around this parish, search for Tywardreath at, then drag the person icon from above the zoom commands and place it at a specific location on the map.


Lostwithiel, Lanlivery, Lanhydrock, Cardinham, Bradock, Boconnoc, St Veep and Golant St Sampson.


  1. Tywardreath is included in The Parochial History of Cornwall, Volume IV by Davies Gilbert, William Hals, Thomas Tonkin, Henry Samuel Boase, originally published in 1838. Also downloadable as a pdf.
  2. Phillimore's Marriages Vol VIII transcripts including Tywardreath (transcribed and in our database)